Colonoscopy - what is it?
It is well known that such a complex procedure as a colonoscopy is necessary to diagnose pathologies of the colon and rectum. The procedure consists in inserting a probe (colonoscope) into the anus. The probe attaches to a flexible tube and contains a tiny video camera that allows the doctor to examine the mucosal surface throughout the colon. The length of the device is up to 1.45 m, which allows examination of the blind, sigmoid, colon and rectum. Colonoscopy does not involve the small intestine. If necessary, colonoscopy can also remove polyps or other types of growths or take tissue samples for analysis (biopsy).
Why is colonoscopy needed?
The patient is indicated for a colonoscopy for chronic abdominal pain, bleeding from the anus, chronic constipation, diarrhea and other bowel problems. You can also have a colonoscopy to check for bowel cancer. If the patient is over 50 years old and has no history of colon cancer in the family, the doctor may recommend that the patient undergo an abdominal examination with a colonoscope every 7-10 years. If the patient is prone to the formation of polyps on the walls of the large intestine, colonoscopy should be carried out at regular intervals in order to find and remove the polyps that have arisen during the examination of the walls. This manipulation is performed to reduce the risk of rectal cancer.
Preparing for a colonoscopy.
Colonoscopy is a low-traumatic type of medical procedure; most people experience it under the influence of anesthesia. The research itself takes no more than an hour, and recovery after a couple of hours. Preparation for the study is the most difficult for patients. It is a little consoling that if the procedure is successful, and no pathologies have been identified, then the next one may not be required for 7-10 years.
It is well known that colonoscopy requires a preliminary cleansing of the intestines so that it is empty and as clean as possible (as possible) - otherwise food debris and feces can make it difficult for the doctor to see. As a rule, when a doctor prescribes a diagnostic procedure, he tells the patient exactly how to prepare for it, what to eat, what drugs to use and what reactions of the body should be expected in the preparation process. The method of preparation for colonoscopy is selected for each patient individually.
Make an appointment and more detailed information on bowel preparation by phone 8 (7172) 702895.