What is screening?
Screening is a complex of measures, including a preventive medical examination and additional examination methods, carried out in order to detect a tumor at an early stage, when there are no symptoms of the disease yet.
A tumor diagnosed at an early stage can be completely healed.
At later stages, when there are already symptoms of the disease and there is a possibility of the spread of the tumor, the treatment of the disease becomes more difficult. Therefore, early detection and treatment of a tumor, before its spread, is the most effective way to reduce mortality from malignant neoplasms.
It often happens that the tumor cannot always be detected in the early stages, since the early course of the disease is asymptomatic, the patient does not feel changes in his state of health and does not go to doctors for examination.
It is important to note that being screened does not mean cancer is suspected.
In Kazakhstan, there are screening programs for specific diseases and for certain age groups, which are completely free for the population.
• Breast cancer - women between 40 and 70 years old.
• Cervical cancer - women between 30 and 70 years old.
• Colorectal screening - men and women from 50 to 70 years old.
Screening can be done at the clinic at the place of attachment free of charge.
It is important to understand that prevention, early diagnosis, screening and treatment are key components of successful cancer control. Early detection of cancer saves lives, reduces treatment costs and preserves the quality of life of those who are ill.