Cancer of the upper jaw and maxillofacial region is a dangerous disease that, due to late diagnosis and late treatment of patients for medical care, can lead to death. In Kazakhstan, more than 300 Kazakhstanis are diagnosed with cancer of the maxillofacial and oral region every year.
Causes of the disease and risk factors:
Tumors of the upper jaw and maxillofacial region develop for a long time against the background of purulent-inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses (sinusitis, ethmoiditis, polypous-purulent sinusitis, etc.). Unfortunately, patients do not seek medical help in a timely manner or self-medicate. Due to late treatment, doctors are faced with advanced cases when the diagnosis of cancer is no longer in doubt.
Risk factors include:
- Abuse of alcoholic beverages
- Hereditary predisposition, genetic mutation
- Human papillomavirus
- Weakened immunity
- Chronic diseases of the mucous membranes
- Permanent injury to the mucous membranes
Symptoms of maxillofacial cancer:
- Nasal congestion (when a tumor forms from the epithelium of the maxillary sinus)
- Difficulty breathing through the nose
- The appearance of mucous secretions with blood clots
- Headaches (discomfort is practically not eliminated after taking painkillers)
- Numbness of the skin around the eyes
- Loose teeth
- Occurrence of lacrimation from the eyes
- Difficulty with facial expressions
- Bad breath
- Drastic weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Development of wounds in the mouth that bleed
- Problems with closing the jaws
- Development of exophthalmos (occurs at a late stage of cancer development)
- Signs of a neurological disorder
The development of tumors on the mucous tissue of the jaw forms a large neoplasm, which leads to noticeable defects and asymmetry of the face.
Diagnosis of the disease:
As a rule, the first to suspect an oncological process may be a dentist who consulted for pain in the teeth, an ophthalmologist (with complaints of decreased vision) or an otolaryngologist. After consulting professionals, a number of diagnostic procedures prescribed.
Methods used to diagnose jaw cancer:
- Biopsy of the affected tissue
- All types of histological and cytological studies of biopsy
It is very important to identify the disease at an early stage. Treatment depends on the location and type of tumor. Most cancers of the maxillofacial area are benign, and some cancers may not require surgery, although most tumors require resection with possible reconstruction.
Treatment for jaw cancer involves combination therapy. Typically, traditional treatments can be used: surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. A method or complex of methods of treatment is developed by a team of doctors depending on the degree of damage, stage of cancer and the general health of the patient.
Prevention of cancerous tumors of the maxillofacial region:
In the presence of complaints from the organs of the maxillofacial region (loosening of the teeth, nasal congestion and purulent discharge, the presence of polyposis formations), it is necessary to timely contact a specialist: dentist, otorhinolaryngologist, maxillofacial surgeon, head and neck tumor specialist.
If you have any of the above symptoms, see your doctor immediately. You can also contact the oncologist-otolaryngologist of our center. Here, such complex diseases as cancer of the maxillofacial region, both in the early and late stages, are effectively diagnosed and treated. To make an appointment with a doctor, call the call center: 8 (7172) 702-911.